Oil Falls on Greek Aid Meetings, Japanese Contraction

Oil in New York dropped for the first time in three days as European policy makers met to discuss aid for Greece and Japan’s economy shrank.

Futures fell 0.6 percent as euro-area finance ministers gathered in Brussels after Greek lawmakers passed a 2013 budget needed to unlock bailout funds. Japan’s economy contracted last quarter at an annual rate of 3.5 percent, the most since the earthquake and tsunami in early 2011.

“As long as there is no resolution to the Greek crisis, markets will remain under pressure,” said John Kilduff, a partner at Again Capital LLC, a New York-based energy hedge fund. “The 3.5 percent contraction of the Japanese economy speaks to demand concerns. This will have an impact on other Asian economies and we will see an impact on consumption.”

Crude oil for December delivery declined 50 cents to settle at $85.57 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange. Prices are down 13 percent this year.

Brent oil for December settlement declined 33 cents, or 0.3 percent, to end the session at $109.07 a barrel on the London- based ICE Futures Europe exchange. The European benchmark crude’s premium to West Texas Intermediate contract traded in New York widened to $23.50, the most since Oct. 29.

The finance ministers probably won’t approve 31.5 billion euros ($40 billion) in fresh loans to Greece and will agree to prevent the country from defaulting on 5 billion euros of bills that mature on Nov. 16, a European official said last week. The European sovereign debt crisis began in Greece three years ago and has spread to Ireland, Portugal, Italy, Spain and Cyprus.

‘Large Risks’

The so-called troika that oversees Greece’s bailouts said it sees “very large risks” to the Greek program, according to a draft report obtained by Bloomberg. The troika comprises the European Commission, the European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund.

The decline in Japan’s gross domestic product followed a revised 0.3 percent gain the previous quarter, the Cabinet Office said in Tokyo. A drop of 3.4 percent was the median estimate in a Bloomberg News survey of 23 economists.

Saudi Arabian Oil Minister Ali al-Naimi said yesterday that the oil market is “very balanced.” Consumers are also happy with prices, he told reporters in Abu Dhabi yesterday, adding that the kingdom produced 9.7 million barrels a day in October. Oil has ranged from $84.05 to $89.22 for three weeks.

U.S. oil output is poised to surpass Saudi Arabia’s in the next decade, making the world’s biggest fuel consumer almost self-reliant and putting it on track to become a net exporter, the International Energy Agency said today.

New Technologies

Growing supplies of oil extracted through new technology including hydraulic fracturing will transform the U.S. into the largest producer for about five years starting about 2020, the Paris-based adviser to 28 nations said in its annual World Energy Outlook. The U.S. met 83 percent of its energy needs in the first half of 2012, according to Energy Department data compiled by Bloomberg.

China’s net crude imports rose to 5.52 million barrels a day in October, the highest level since May, the General Administration of Customs said Nov. 10 in Beijing. Industrial production was up 9.6 percent in October from a year earlier, the National Bureau of Statistics said Nov. 9.

“We’re treading water here,” said Gene McGillian, an analyst and broker at Tradition Energy in Stamford, Connecticut. “The Chinese oil demand numbers over the weekend are providing support while the Japanese economic data are putting downward pressure in the market. We should test last week’s low of $84.05 this week.”

Sandy’s Impact

Crude rose earlier, following gasoline, amid concern that East Coast supplies will slip because of Hurricane Sandy. Gasoline gained as much as 1.8 percent before ending the day down 0.9 percent at $2.6763 a gallon.

Phillips 66 (PSX)’s Bayway refinery in New Jersey may restart Nov. 19, the company said Nov. 5. Hess Corp. (HES) said last week that no schedule is set for the return of its Port Reading plant. The two plants combined can produce 308,000 barrels a day.

Electronic trading volume on the Nymex was 459,370 contracts as of 3:07 p.m. Volume totaled 604,448 contracts on Nov. 9, 16 percent above the three-month average. Open interest was 1.6 million.

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