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HCM City seeks to mobilize capital from private sector

With public funding only able to meet a fifth of the VND1.8 quadrillion (US$80 billion) required for development works in HCM City’s in 2016 – 20, municipal authorities are striving to involve the private sector.

According to Su Ngoc Anh, Director of the city Department of Planning and Investment, many new measures and policies have been put in place to mobilize private resources, but challenges remain.
He explained that investors must bring in 15-20% of the funding required for a project, with loans from banks and other credit organisations making up the rest.

Nguyen Hoang Minh, Deputy Director of the State Bank of Vietnam, HCM City branch, said bank funding for socio-economic projects, especially in infrastructure, is linked to their effectiveness.

Therefore, investors and relevant authorities must ensure the effectiveness of projects when they are completed, he said.

Pham Manh Thang, Deputy Director General of Vietcombank, said the bank has provided loans of over VND100 trillion for 61 projects, including 23 in the education sector, 16 for transport infrastructure (roads, bridges), nine for urban development, and seven for hospitals.

In the context of inadequate public funding, making use of public-private-partnerships (PPP) is vital, he said, but admitted the PPP form faces legal hurdles.

Thang said another problem is that most local banks are small, with most of their deposits being short-term, limiting their capacity to provide medium- and long-term loans.

The central bank is amending regulations through a road map, limiting the rate of short-term deposits that can be used to provide long-term loans, and this is expected to act as a hurdle to lending for infrastructure works.

Some major PPP projects in energy and transportation undertaken with foreign investment have shown that overseas creditors demand specific guarantees related to revenue and foreign exchange risks.

Thang said relevant agencies should create regulations for public dissemination of information about PPP projects.


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